Haemodialysis is a process of removing waste products and extra fluid, which build up in the blood when the kidneys are no longer able to function properly.

Most patients will require three sessions a week, with each session lasting around four hours. Two needles will be inserted into patient’s AV fistula or graft. One needle will slowly remove the blood and transfer it to a dialysis machine. The dialysis machine is made up of a series of membranes that act as filters and a special liquid called dialysate. The membranes filter waste products from your blood, which are passed into the dialysate fluid. The used dialysate fluid is pumped out of the dialyser and the filtered blood is passed back into your body through the second needle.

Haemodialysis is not a painful procedure, but some patients might feel a bit sick and dizzy, and may have muscle cramps during the procedure. This is caused by the rapid changes in blood fluid levels that occur during the treatment. After the dialysis session, the needles are removed and a plaster is applied to prevent bleeding.

Fluid and diet restrictions
The amount of fluid a patient can drink will be severely restricted. The amount of fluid a patient can drink a day will depend on patient’s size and weight. Most patients are only allowed to drink 1L to 1.5L of fluid a day.

Patients will need to be cautious of their food intake as minerals such as sodium (salt), potassium and phosphorus that would normally be filtered out by the kidneys can build up to dangerous levels quickly between treatment.

Dialysis Centre
MTFA very first dialysis centre is located at 21 Norris Road Singapore 208238.